The Capital of Germany is also the country's largest city. It has arguably one of the most interesting albeit turbulent histories among any European capital. It has seen war and loss but has proven its mettle by emerging through as one of Europe's most popular and vibrant travel destinations. It may have a slightly 'industrial' feel about it but its art, history and nightlife are second to none as far as Europe is concerned. An old city with a young heart it is a must see for any tourist. What follows is a list of money saving tips and information everyone should know before going to Berlin.

Typical Costs: Dorm rooms vary between 10-30 Free Walking Tour Berlin Euros a night whereas private rooms begin at 35 Euros. If you're looking for a budget hotel, expect to pay around 35-40 EUR per night for a double room with an attached bath and breakfast included.It's recommended you stick to the local hotels instead of the brand names which cost beginning at 50 EUR.

Meals at restaurants cost anywhere from 13 to 23 EUR. However if you eat locally at the shawarma and sausage stalls (especially the famous Currywurst). These cost a mere 4 EUR. Overall the Turkish places to eat are the most economical (and they're delicious). A week's worth of groceries cost between 25-50 EUR.

The best way to get around the huge city is to use public transportation. If you plan to make multiple trips a day, you should get a day pass. And the same ticket is used on trains, buses and trams. If you want to explore the city, a rented bike - which start at 15 EUR per day - is your best bet.

A Few Cash Saving Tips

If you're a student then you can get considerable discounts on the purchae of meals, drinks and accommodation, even museums. All you need to do is present your student card. If you head on over to Starbucks in Alexanderplatz at 11 am, you will find New Europe Tours meeting. They run The Alternative Berlin tour which is free and gives a great tour of the arty side of the city. Alternatively you can take a free walking tour which are provided by New Berlin Tours on a daily basis. They are long and will show you around the city in great detail. And find out which Museums are free and visit them as well.

Things to Do and See

Visit the Brandenburg Gate which is one of Berlin's most famous landmarks. During the days when Berlin was divided, its most well know border crossing was Checkpoint Charlie. The original border post, complete with a soldier's post and border crossing sign, located on Friedrichstrabe between former East and West Berlin still remains.

See the famous Reichstag, this historic seat of the German Parliament is one of Berlin's best landmarks. The Holocaust Memorial should also be visited.

Experiencing the Sights and Sounds of Berlin

Boasting a reputation as a young, exciting city, there is so much to do in Berlin no matter what your interests and budget are.

Indeed, there is so much history associated with Berlin that it's no surprise there are plenty of museums to visit to learn more about the German past and culture. Some of the most popular and well-known museums include The German Historical Museum and the Jewish Museum.

In recent years the city has drawn a large following for its new Holocaust Memorial structure, which is a sculpture and memorial that visitors can walk through. The architecture has been widely praised, and the structure itself is a sight to be seen. In fact when it comes to architecture, there is plenty to see in Berlin that is both unique and awe-inspiring. As such, the Reichstag - or the German Parliament - proves a popular attraction, where it is possible to peer out its glass dome over the city.

But of course, a draw for many is the remaining stretch of the Berlin Wall. Here the structure has been preserved as a gallery and historic landmark, which informs about the previous state of the city before the wall was torn down. Tourists who are particularly interested in seeing more from the days when Berlin was divided can also visit Checkpoint Charlie. The spot was formally the only place that would allow foreigners to Free Tour Berlin pass between East and West Berlin during the Cold War.

What's more, Berlin is an interesting city to visit no matter how you get around, and there are a number of walking tours through the city that showcase the interesting buildings and tourist attractions that Berlin has to offer.

Berlin is also home to many lively and popular festivals throughout the year. The Berlin Film Festival transforms the city into a budding film spot each year, and screens some of the newest and most interesting films to be released. In addition, there are a number of parades that entrance the city, including the Christopher Street Day and Karneval parades that take place each year - bringing in tourists from around the world for the celebrations.

No matter what attracts you most to Berlin, you're sure to be pleased with the young and vibrant atmosphere the city boasts. In addition, there are a number of hotels in Berlin that are ideally located for experiencing all that the city has to offer during your visit. And whilst it can prove worthwhile to be centrally located, often the most difficult aspect of any trip to Berlin is fitting all of the attractions into your itinerary.

Interesting Things to See and Do in Berlin, Germany

Visiting many of the great cities of London, we didn't think Berlin would be on the top of our list. But the advice from many people in London said it would be well worth the trip, and it was. It is a city very easy to navigate, and history, both recent and from the time of Frederick the Great make it very interesting from that perspective. I've chosen four sites that should not be missed, but if you do visit Berlin be sure to take a side trip to Potsdam. It is really not Berlin proper, but is a short trip and has a lot to offer.

Brandenburg Gate. Originally built as a triumphal arch in 1791, it has had an interesting history. After Napoleon captured Berlin in 1806 he took the Quadriga statue that sits atop the arch back to Paris. It was returned in 1814 following his defeat. As was most of the city, it was badly damaged during World War II, and after renovation saw more damage during the celebrations following the ending of the Berlin Wall. As is Big Ben in London or the Eiffel Tower in Paris, it is probably Berlin's iconic monument.

Jewish Memorial. Just south of Brandenburg Gate, this memorial to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust has been quite controversial. It was opened in 2005, and is a city block of 2711 concrete slabs of varying heights and angles. You will be able to walk through it, and at times you will almost feel lost within its confines. At one of the corners is an underground information center.

Reichstag. This is now the Federal German Parliament, called the Bundestag, but in February 17, 1933 it was set on fire. The Nazis used this as an excuse for suspending basic freedoms. Most people would agree that the heavy security in long lines is worth the wait to go to the top.

KaDeWe (shopping). Not that shopping would be on my highlight list when visiting such a rich historical area as Berlin, but some, like Harrods in London, should be on your list. It is the largest department store in continental Europe, and one of the things that make it a great visit is the truly extraordinary food hall.

Remnants of the wall can be found here and there, and there is a museum that is quite good farther south of the Gate. Farther east within walking distance is Checkpoint Charlie, the best-known crossing point between East and West Berlin during the cold war. There now exists a sort of replica of what was a historical site, but it is basically a tourist trap.

Another place that I found quite historically significant is the location of Hitler's wartime bunker. It is just south of the Jewish Holocaust Memorial, but unless you use a tour guide you won't find it, as it goes completely unmarked. But speaking of tour guides, it is always best if you're new in a city to find one. We had as our guide a chap from Liverpool who really knew his stuff, and was really into it. There was no fee, and he worked only on tips, which of course everyone obliged. They can tell stories and take you to places you might not find from a tour book. We highly recommend searching the internet for one before you visit a new city.